Establishing formal peace between Britain and America required lengthy and complicated negotiations. In this excerpt from David McCullough's John Adams , we travel to Paris in the fall of 1782, where Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay begin talks with the British to officially end the war.
Innumerable places in the United States bore witness to the events of the American Revolution—from battle sites and encampments to taverns and universities. In The American Revolution: A Historical Guidebook, Frances H. Kennedy ambitiously describes more than 100 of these landmarks.
On September 19, 1777, and October 7, 1777, two important battles were fought near Saratoga, New York. While the British won the first battle, in the second attack, American forces claimed a decisive victory, surrounding and trapping the British forces. In this excerpt from Richard M. Ketchum's Saratoga: Turning Point of America's Revolutionary War we see the British begin the long march to finalize their surrender.
On September 11, 1777, British troops led by General Sir William Howe defeated General George Washington's American army in a particularly gruesome fight known as the Battle of Brandywine. John Ferling's Almost A Miracle shares soldiers' awed reactions to the resulting carnage.
In the fight for independence from British rule, Americans were presented with an opportunity to establish a new political system for themselves apart from a traditional monarchy. Gordon Wood's The American Revolution: A History shows how the centuries-old ideals of 'republicanism' influenced the state governments being formed at the start of the conflict.
Thomas Fleming's book The Perils of Peace examines the political, financial, and societal tumult America, Britain, and France all faced in the years between the British surrender at the Siege of Yorktown and the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the war.
In the summer of 1781, General George Washington faced a crossroads. He had two options: attempt to reclaim New York, or head south to defeat a British stronghold in Yorktown. Band of Giants describes the circumstances surrounding Washington's important decision to march his troops to Virginia.
Tens of thousands of German-speaking soldiers — called "Hessians" after the area from which most were recruited — were hired by the British Crown in 1776 to assist in the fight against the American rebels. Daniel Krebs' book A Generous and Merciful Enemy reveals the experience of these men.
Everything changed the day the Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence. What had been a series of clashes over the rights of Britain's North American subjects was transformed into a full-blown war to establish an independent nation. David McCullough's book 1776: The Illustrated Edition captures American reactions in the immediate aftermath of the pronouncement, as the enormity of the action becomes clear.